Nanotechnology and nanoscience is the study of tiny particles or things and can be applied across various scientific fields such as physics, biology, chemistry, medical, engineering, and material sciences.
The study lets researches and scientists see and study individual particles or atoms and molecules of anything. It is the branch of technology which deals with tolerances and dimensions of 0.1 to 100 nanometers and with the manipulation of individual atoms and molecules. Nanotechnology has also proved to make a significant difference and advancements in clinical and Translational Science.
Some Of The Applications Of Nanotechnology: Environment: With the increased use of the Earth’s resources, the need for alternative sources to replenish or recycle them is more. Nanotechnology journal consists of all the ways that it can be used in controlling pollution and other environmental factors.
It can be used to develop energies and processes, non-polluting materials, wastewater treatment, waste treatment, recycling of substances, water desalination, and soil contamination. Nanosensors help in the detection of harmful chemical substances or toxic gases present in the environment.
Energy: The nanotechnology in the field of energy mainly focuses on the improvement or enhancement of energy production and storage systems with the main concern on renewable energies like solar energy. Additionally, ways to reduce energy consumption are also studied. They increase the efficiency of solar panels that help capture and store more solar energy.
Medicine: The use of nanotechnology in the field of medicine is called Nanomedicine. It also involves the development of nanotransporters of drugs to specific places in the body that may be beneficial in the treatment of diseases such as cancer and many others.
Nanobots are developed to detect any tumor cells in the body and destroy them. Additionally, they are also used to repair tissues like bone tissues that may get damaged due to a fracture.
Some Of The Fields In Medicine It Is Used In Are:
Drug Delivery: Nanoparticles are used to deliver drugs, light, heat, or other substances to certain types of cells, for example, cancer cells. The nanoparticles are designed in a way such that they attract themselves to the diseased cells that helps in treating them directly.
This technology helps in reducing the damage to healthy cells in the body and also in detecting the diseases in their early stages.
Diagnostic Techniques: One of the developments made uses antibodies by attaching them to carbon nanotubes in chips to detect cancer cells in the bloodstream. Also, it is believed that this method in lab tests that helps in identifying cancer during its early stages of development. Further, gold nanorods are used in the detection of kidney problems in their early stages.
Antibacterial Treatment: Gold nanoparticles and infrared light are used in the killing of bacteria. As a result, it improves the cleaning methods of instruments in hospitals.
Wound Treatment: Researches have developed a particular type of bandage that passes electrical pulses to the wound by using the electricity that is produced by nanogenerators that are worn by the patient.
An alternative for platelets has been developed which act as synthetic platelets which when injected into the body resulted in a significant reduction of loss of blood.
Cell Repair: Nanorobots are used or programmed to repair certain cells in the body that carry diseases, and their functionality is similar to that of antibodies present in the body.
Microsurgery: Some biological instruments used for surgical procedures are embedded with sensors along with the added features and functions to help surgeons. Nanobots are used during surgeries that can undergo biopsy and cuts the tissue for further examination.
Other fields nanotechnology is applied in the food industry, textile industry, building industry, electronics, communication and computer technologies, farming, and cosmetics. Nanomaterials are also used in translational science that focuses on medicine.